History leaves its mark on the land and in the minds of future generations. One war between the states known as the American Civil War began in 1861 and will always be remembered by those living in the southern part of the United States because of the burning of Atlanta. And, depending on what document or historical paper you read there are many views on this subject, so I will not try to explain.
A brief overview of the war:
General Sherman: The General in charge of the Union Army during this American Civil war was William Tecumseh Sherman. He is probably best remembered for his military strategy command and policies that he implemented in war against the Confederate States, which included Georgia as one of those states known as a Confederacy whose government set-up during those four years of the war (1861 until 1865) by Southern confederate states declaring their secession from the United States.
Sherman and Georgia: “His fame came on May 5, 1864, when he marched his army of close to 100,000 men into Georgia. Within six weeks, Confederate casualties had doubled, and on September 1, 1864, Sherman occupied Atlanta. His plan was to burn the buildings used for military purposes, but his fires raged out of control, destroying much of the city. With Atlanta burning, Sherman launched his March to the Sea. 60,000 of his most seasoned soldiers cut a swath of destruction through the heart of Georgia. By December 23, 1864, Sherman’s forces occupied Savannah.” Source: Natural Museum of American History
Sculpture: In Stone Mountain Village, East of Atlanta, near where I live is a sculpture called Sherman’s Neckties. It’s a reminder when Union soldiers tore up railroad tracks and heated them to bend around trees making them useless to the Confederacy.
One of the homes in the heart of Stone Mountain spared by Sherman still stands. It served as a hospital for his troops on his “March to the Sea” in 1864.
“This historical house built-in 1836 was once the home of Andrew Johnson, the founder of Stone Mountain, Georgia. Later it served as a hotel for tourists coming in to see the famous rock. The building has also served as a post office and hospital during the Civil War.”: Source: Stone Mountain Village History (Note: Stone Mountain was known as New Gibraltar before 1847).
Historical House Circa 1834
About five years ago this historical house was a restaurant known as the “Sycamore Grill.” It was a great place for a Sunday brunch. But, today it stands vacant with a sign out front just waiting for its turn to become occupied again.
Written and Photographed by Mary Gilmartin, February 12, 2013